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National Park Ceahlău Bicaz


National Park Bicaz
National Park Ceahlău Bicaz

Bicaz

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46.927758, 25.93872

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http://ceahlaupark.ro

11.3 km

56.9 km

43.7 km

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Presentation - National Park Ceahlău Bicaz

Ceahlau Mountain is the most famous and most impressive massive central part of the Eastern Carpathians, one of the few who still retains Carpathian complex samples unspoiled nature. In addition, Ceahlăul is one of the richest mountains in legend and mythology. Here you can meet Dochia on Eagle Trajan, the Panagia, Chop and many others.

 Ceahlau is clearly delimited to the north, east and south of the river valleys: Bistricioara, Bistrita (Mountain Spring Lake - Bicaz) and Bicaz. Western limit, less trenchant corresponds Pinticului valleys (tributary Bistricioarei) and Jew (Capra) that flows into the river Bicaz.

Surrounded by Bistricioara valley to the north, south XVII, Bistrita valley to the east and Bistra valleys, Jew Pinticului and west, the massive Ceahlău consists of a system of radial ridges, with altitudes varying between 1000-1300 m and converge the two highest points: Ocolasul Mare Peak - 1907 m and Toaca Peak - 1904 m.

The central part of the massif is a huge trough consisting of rocks suspended tougher (conglomerates Ceahlău). It consists of two major lithological structural steps: Ocolasul Sea shelf and the Ocolasul Mic, separated by a bump approx. 200m.

Upper plateau surface corresponds with vaulted sinclinalului the tip Ocolasul Mare (1907 m) south şiToaca (1904 m) to the north marks the edges sinclinalului and the most lowered corresponds to this axis. The plateau has nearly 6 km long and over 1 km wide in its southern part. Between Ocolasul Mare and Toaca above the plateau rises peaks with heights below 1850 m: Bâtca Gideon (1845 m) and peak Lespezi (1805 m) and on the wings there are many steps structural (policyholders) of which the best known is Policy with lilies.

Plateau is bordered by steep impressive Obârşiei fragmented by numerous streams. Action prolonged rains and wind carved the conglomerates on the plateau rocks looking ruiniform and strange shapes around which were weaving famous legends of Ceahlăului (Towers Ocolasul Great Panagia, Claia Miron, Turnu's Budu, Detunatele, Hat Dorobantului). The conglomerate mass detaches lighter spots of klippelor limestone from stone with water, rock Dochia Ocolasul Small, White Spring or below the Tower of Budu. At the base of steep slopes were made loops huge scree covered by old forests.

Also in high gear atop the massive stone fall and Sura (1525 m) - Batca Black (1398 m) developed into a conglomerate band of the same kind of Ceahlău conglomerates. The ridge is the type hog-back and is separated from the saddle of Poiana Stanilelor plateau.

Around the central region has developed the second stage of the relief, lower and more fragmented - Munceii Ceahlăului. They occupy about 2/3 of Ceahlau Mountain area and are composed of long summits with altitudes between 1000 and 1300 m. Peaks are rounded appearance and wavy longitudinal profile generated by alternating peaks higher (Bâtcă) with saddles of them called by locals Tarn gorge or.

In the south and east of the mountain peaks emerge from under steep radial central plateau to the west and parallel to it. Are separated by numerous rivulets origins high in the mountain that require a power relief between 400 and 500 m. Of these heights peripheral Obcina Lakes, Obcina Tarsoaiei and Obcina Boistea the west side of the mountain together form the longest interfluves what river valley separates Slatina (Hermitage) Bistricioarei valley.

North and East to emerge from under steep slopes, just like huge buttresses of city summits: Humariei foot, Obcina Tiflicului, Obcina Obcina Cerebuc and Ciucan, Obcina GREEN Obcina Obcina Chica Baicului and Horst.

South and east ridges are more fragmented, their morphology became more complicated. Starting from Spring Mountain Brook to the west succeed: Mount Sima, Obcina Piatra Arsa Peak continued with Duboasa, Obcina Chiliei, Obcina (foot) of Bistrita, Obcina backgammon and others.

In this temperate continental climate, depending on the variation in altitude habitats, we see many species of orchids, including sweet pea (Nigritella rubra and Nigritella nigra) and lady's slipper (Cypripedium calceolus), and marigolds mountain (Trollius europaeus ), silver (Dryas octopetala) or edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), protected species in Europe.

Over the many mountain trails, they can be found woods mountain areas, from frogs colored (Bombina variegata - bittern pond belly yellow) and newts (Lissotriton Alpine - Carpathian triton), the lizards (Zootoca vivipara - lizard mountain) and viper (Vipera berus - viper mountain) or even a multitude of birds (tits big, Bradet, mountain crest, Ticleni buzzard, eagle owl) and mammals (deer, deer, wild boars, bears, wolves and even lynx).

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