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National Secler Museum Sfantu Gheorghe
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Art Museum Sfantu Gheorghe
National Secler Museum Sfantu Gheorghe

Sfantu Gheorghe

Str. Kós Károly, Nr. 10

45.860481, 25.784482

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muzeul.national.secuiesc@t-i.ro

http://www.sznm.ro

1.1 km

25.8 km

76.2 km

Why is so special National Secler Museum Sfantu Gheorghe:
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Visitable now
09.00 - 16.00
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Presentation - National Secler Museum Sfantu Gheorghe

The Szekely National Museum is open for public since 1875. This outstanding scientific institution has undertaken the task to carry on research activities and to present the heritage of the Szekelys and the region of Székelyföld. The year 1879 that appears on the Museum’s seal represents the date when it passed into the common proprietorship of the Székely nation. At present, it represents the biggest Hungarian public collection outside Hungary and it is also one of the most important touristic attractions of Kovászna (Covasna) county and Szekelyföld. It is enlisted as a regional museum in the network of the Romanian museums and it is maintained by the Council of Kovaszna County. Its activity is also supported by the Szekely National Museum Foundation registered in the 1990’s.
The complex in Sepsiszentgyörgy (Sfântu Gheorghe) designed by Karoly Kos comprises a library and departments for natural science, archeology-history and ethnography. The Art Gallery in Sepsiszentgyörgy, the external museum units in Kézdivásárhely (Tîrgu Secuiesc), Csernáton (Cernat), Barót (Baraolt) and Zabola (Zăbala) also make part of the institution. 

I. Internal Departments of the Museum

I. The Library
embraces, on one hand, a research library that helps the research activity of the institution and, on the other hand is home to a considerable collection of antique books, press and other special materials. Its most significant asset is the Apor-codex, which contains, among others, the psalms of the first Hungarian bible translation (15th century) that were copied in it around 1500. (The bible translation mentioned above is considered the fourth oldest Hungarian literary work.)

2. The Natural Science Department 
comprises, beside the most complete collection of Pliocene and Quaternary mammal fauna in Central-Eastern Europe, the biggest mushroom collection in Romania, the butterfly collection of László Diószeghy containing more than 23 000 species and a very significant botanical collection. The department’s entomologist is well known for discovering several new species.

3. Archaeological-Historical Department
The department’s archeological collection numbers more than 50 000 items. The Museum has researched and cataloged especially the sites of Kovászna County: the painted pottery culture from the Neolithic and Bronze Age found in Erősd (Ariuşd), the Neolithic findings of the site from Lécfalva (Leţ) and the findings of the cemeteries in Zabola (Zăbala) and Petőfalva (Petea) dating from the Árpád Era. The permanent archaeological exposition presents 35 000 years of material culture belonging to this area.

The historical collection’s most significant values are the military relics of the Székely orders dating from the Middle Age, relics of the Revolution from 1848 (for instance the field printing press of general Bem), the weapon collection numbering 250 pieces, as well as the significant furniture and glass collection of culture-historical value. 

4. The Ethnographical Department
is famous for its unique collection in Transylvania numbering more than 15 000 pieces – among which the most significant are the noble embroidery collection dating from the 16–17th century, the glazed tiles and ceramic collections, the old carved and painted furniture, as well as the remarkable collection of traditional folk children toys. As an open-air exposition an 18th century house from the Alcsík (Lower Ciuc) region can be seen, with partially original furniture.

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